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-Who: mainly European and Americans expanding around the world, especially in African, Asian, and Latin American territories.
-What: The policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political, or military control over weaker territories that was a global trend.
-When: Late 19th century till early 20th century
-Where: All throughout the globe but mainly in Asia, the pacific, Latin America, and Africa.
-Why: The need for more places to sell goods, tax people, and strategic location.
-Alfred T. Mahan
-Who: Alfred T. Mahan, a president of the Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island.
-What: An Admiral in the United States Navy, who wanted for the U.S to military expand. A man who wanted for the U.S. Navy to defend the peacetime shipping lanes essential to American economic growth.
-When: September 27, 1840 – December 1, 1914
-Where: Graduated the Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island, lived in America.
-Why: He wanted for the U.S to expand and develop a modern fleet, establish naval bases in the Caribbean, make the Panama Canal, and get Pacific islands.
-Jose Marti
-Who: A Cuban poet and journalist that was exiled in New York.
-What: A man that launched a revolution in 1895 in Cuba against the Spanish. His life goal was to gain independence for Cuba.
-When: January 28, 1853 – May 19, 1895
-Where: He was a Cuban native that was exiled to the United States where he lived in New York.
-Why: He was a strong force in the Spanish crumbling imperialistic ventures, he launched a newspaper that sparked Cuban nationalism that was strong enough to overpower the Spanish. Is known as a hero and a martyr.
-Yellow Journalism
-Who: American newspaper owners William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer.
-What: A loosely based or entirely false reporting just so that the headline will be something that will catch the attention of readers. Most often exaggerated events.
-When: The newspaper battle peaked during 1895 till 1898.
-Where: The newspapers were from New York but these were national papers.
-Why: It sparked the Americans to try to push for ending the Spanish expansion and eventually their own global expansion.
-U.S.S. Maine
-Who: The United States Navy’s ship
-What: The United States Navy’s ship that was part of the new line known as the Great White Fleet.
-When: Launched on 18th of November 1890 and was destroyed the 15th of February 1898.
-Where: Built in Brooklyn, New York and was destroyed in Havana Harbor, Havana, Cuba.
-Why: This destroyer was apart of the United States new navy that was the future of the Navy. It was destroyed fighting of the Spanish to get them out of Cuba and it had 260 men die on it.
-George Dewey
-Who: George Dewey was the American naval commander, in the Pacific.
-What: A great leading officer in the American Navy and was known for helping the Filipinos fight off the Spanish.
-When: December 26th 1837- January 16th, 1917
-Where: Stationed mainly in the Pacific especially in the Philippines.
-Why: He was a great leader that’s most memorable battle was when he beat the Spanish in Manila Bay and destroyed the Spanish fleet. The Spanish lost 381 men while the United States lost only one sailor due to heat exhaustion. His victory allowed the U.S soldiers to land in the Philippines and eventually has the Spanish troops surrender.
-Platt Amendment
-Who: Passed into law by the legislative body of the United States government. Named for Connecticut Republican senator Orville H. Platt.
-What: A document that stated Cuba couldn’t make treaties that might limit its independence, or permit a foreign power to control any part. United States reserved the right to intervene in Cuba to preserve the Independence and maintain order. Cuba couldn’t go into debt, and the United States
-When: Platt lived from 1827 till 1905 the amendment was passed 1899 and changed in 1934.
-Where: Was about the United States and Cuban relationship.
-Why: It proved that the United States would uphold the Monroe Doctrine and that they not going to have Cuba run rampant.
-Open Door Policy
-Who: An Agreement about trade involving U.S., Great Britain, Germany, France, Italy, Japan, and Russia trading with China.
-What: The United States called for the open access to China’s coastal ports, the elimination of special privileges for any of the trading nations, and the maintenance of China’s independence.
-When: It was accepted in 1899
-Where: The policy was between the United States and China but was accepted by Great Britain, Germany, France, Italy, Japan and Russia.
-Why: It was to protect the United States businesses from being pushed out and fear that the U.S. would lose access to China’s Ports.
-Panama Canal
-Who: Roosevelt set out to finish Admiral Mayan’s four recommendations for becoming a world power by making a Canal through Central America.
-What: A Canal developed by Roosevelt to become a world power.
-When: August 15th, 1914 is the date it was first opened and work started in 1904.
-Where: In Panama
-Why: This was important because it greatly reduce travel time for commercial and military ships by providing a shortcut between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. It also greatly increased trade.
-Roosevelt Corollary
-Who: Roosevelt made this document to future the Monroe Doctrine.
-What: A document that was based upon Roosevelt’s Latin American policy of “Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far”
-When: In December 1904 as a message to Congress.
-Where: Stated the United States foreign policy regarding Latin America.
-Why: It furthered the Monroe Doctrine and argued that European powers must not intervene in the Western Hemisphere and warned that disorder in Latin America might “ force the United States…to the exercise of an international police power” to protect U.S. economic interests.
-Dollar Diplomacy
-Who: President William Howard Taft started this policy.
-What: Using the U.S. government to guarantee loans made to foreign countries by American businesspeople.
-When: Started in 1912
-Where: Pasted in the United States but was mainly aimed towards protecting interests in Latin America and East Asia.
-Why: often thought as a way to justify keeping European powers out of the Caribbean but also furthered the US’s foreign image by making them seem strong and interested in foreign policy.

10/13/10  09:48pm

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